Broadly, there are two main translation types: direct and oblique, with sub-types under each one. Professional translators should produce translations that are fully accurate and well-worded. – for stylist effect – borrowings can add a prestigious or scholarly flavour. Game localisation is a very specialised type of translation best left to those with specific expertise and experience in this area. These translation types are specific strategies, techniques and procedures for dealing with short chunks of text – generally words or phrases. The translation and adapting of relevant content on a website to best suit the target language and culture. – Highest quality of translation, This method is ideal for I’ve discussed in other articles the skillset needed and translation process to be followed, but essentially you need to use an experienced, professionally qualified translator with a good track record of quality work, or a translation company that employs professional translators. The goal with subtitling is to produce captions that viewers can comfortably read in the time available and still follow what’s happening on the video. What this means But can’t the editor just spend more time and sort out those issues? And we need all that to produce professional quality legal translations – translations that are accurate, terminologically correct and stylistically appropriate. That said, there is always the possibility of ‘human error’, which is why translation companies like us typically offer an additional review process – see next method. Then jump on our mailing list! Translation is all about conveying the message or meaning of a text in another language. Human translation plus revision addresses the possibility of inadvertent translator error and achieves the. 1. The problem is this type of translation process isn’t well suited to producing high quality translations, and things become quite complicated if you try to get better quality than a MT plus light post-editing process will provide. As Latin transitioned from being a language heard on the streets into a language subject, studying it took on a different reasoning. 2. Its best for your translation provider to handle this component. What this means Good to know What is it? Borrowing is a very common strategy across languages. Adapting a message to elicit the same emotional response in another language and culture. Commenting on these methods, I should first say that only semantic and communi-cative translation fulfil the two main aims of translation, which are first, accuracy, and second, economy. I’ve discussed these issues and why they occur in my blog article Google Translate and Bing Translator – what they’re good for and when not to rely on them. Examples – producing the audio. But sometimes the segments will need to be shorter – for example where the voice-over lags the original by a second or two. You’ll get proven, highly practical and quick-read tips for achieving better translation results, direct to your inbox. The same word or term can end up being translated in different ways, which generally isn’t ideal. Make sure you’re getting our Translation Tips e-mails! Examples The task for the voice artist is to produce a high quality read. Key features Key features The editing process is designed to rectify some of the deficiencies of a machine translation. Key features So choose the wrong one, and you may not get a translation that’s fit for purpose. But it is precisely what professional human translators do all day, every day, with relative ease. This method should never be relied on when high accuracy and/or good quality wording is needed. Borrowed words or phrases are often italicised in English. Key features Translation with a change of focus or point of view in the target language. It’s described as reader-focused, seeking to produce the same effect on the reader as the original text. Multimedia localisation projects vary hugely, and it’s essential your translation providers have the specific expertise needed for your materials. The second method involves reading the whole text for two or three timesand looking for the intention, register and tone in order to mark the difficult words and passa… Examples What is it? What is it? 毛泽东                                Mao Tse-tung or Mao Zedong And you should always get your translators to systematically review the foreign language versions before going live. Interviews, product videos, police recordings, social media videos. – French: Quand les poules auront des dents – literally, ‘When hens have teeth’ 2. We’ll be back to you asap. We’ll be back to you asap. Examples: 1. Different translators will be required for different document types – specialists should handle materials involving technical and specialist fields, whereas generalist translators can translate non-specialist materials. Often each section of the new audio will need to be the same length as the original. The localisation process will typical involve: This method will take a little longer and likely cost more than the PEMT method. Narrow meaning: limited to the translation of engineering (in all its forms), IT and industrial texts. The following points highlight the two main methods for translation of financial statements, i.e, 1. – Translation Plus it can mean reviewing and adapting the visuals and/or script if these aren’t suitable for the target culture. These applications are therefore best suited to larger organizations that translate large volumes of text in the same subject area. Others might involve adapting symbols, graphics, colours and even concepts and ideas. Generally used as a synonym for certified translations. Sometimes that space will be available and this will be OK. This is a monumental task, and why it’s often said that the translation of a literary work should be a literary work in its own right. Click here to download the full-sized graphic. This is common in interviews etc, where the original voice is heard initially then drops out. = subject pronoun + verb + adverb + noun All translation purposes. Semantic Translation / Traducción Semántica This method concerns the aesthetic value-that is the beautiful and natural sound-of the SL text. They differ from the translation methods of the previous category which deal with the text as a whole. The choice of the functional currency depends on whether a foreign subsidiary is just an extension of the parent company set up to facilitate the business of the parent company in a foreign country or whether it is an entity with a separate business model and revenues and expenses. Seminal has been the work of Newmark, and the following methods of translation attributed to him are widely discussed in the literature. A good comparison of Communicative and Semantic translation can be found here. You need translators who have been trained in the specific requirements for translating patent documents. The translations produced by this method will be appropriate for all purposes, and they are what we refer to in our company as our quality-assured business translations. 1. similar words(1) The translation of literary works – novels, short stories, plays, essays, poems. It is also called the classical method of teaching English. Direct Translation Techniques. Producing foreign language captions for sub or surtitles. Examples It’s a useful technique when a reference wouldn’t be understood at all, or the associated nuances or connotations would be lost in the target language. métodos de pago formas de pago medios de pago. The editor will fix grammatical errors, and tidy up any unclear or confusing wording and obvious mistranslations, but won’t touch wording that is understandable but somewhat awkward or unnatural sounding. The sixth method is free verse translation. What is it? It’s also about ensuring the user experience in those languages is as natural and effective as possible. Methods Of Translation 1. Translating the user interface, messaging, documentation, etc is a major part of the process. Well, the problem is that the quality of the translations produced is very patchy. A literal translation that is natural and correct in the target language. – a script translation (as described above), and Translation of Financial Statements Method # 1. Use the Contact Us form That’s because the program may have chosen a wrong word (meaning) that wasn’t obvious to the editor. Click to open. What is it? Again, this method shouldn’t be used when full accuracy and/or consistent, natural wording is needed. What is it? The translation of business management and administration documents. General Translation. What is it? The Back Translation method: what is it and why use it? A human translator using computer tools to aid the translation process. Example: baseball ⇒ football Since the sixties, several authors (Michel Ballard, Hélène Chuquet, Michel Paillard, etc.) Examples So it’s a sort of creative translation – which is where the word comes from, a combination of ‘translation’ and ‘creation’. What this means What is it? It’s best to discuss your requirements for this kind of translation with your translation provider. Machine translation plus post-editing generally won’t generate the same quality of wording an experienced professional translator will produce. On occasion the translator may have to consult either with the author or other domain experts to fully comprehend the material and so translate it appropriately. Translation by a professional human translator. Here are some equivalents of the English saying “Pigs may fly”, meaning something will never happen, or “you’re being unrealistic” (Source): Using a word or phrase from the original text unchanged in the translation. The implication is that you don’t need someone with specialist knowledge for this type of translation – any professional translator can handle them. It should be noted that translation techniques are different from translation methods. Our Turkish example Yusuf elmayı yedi (literally ‘Joseph the apple ate’) –> Joseph ate the apple. What is it? These methods are approaches and strategies for translating the text as a whole, not techniques for handling smaller text units, which we discuss in our final translation category. The translation of scientific research or documents relating to it. Where it differs from faithful translation is that it places equal emphasis on aesthetics, ie the ‘sounds’ of the text – repetition, word play, assonance, etc. have established other methods of translation, such as explicitation (introducing specific details in the text of the target language), collocation (using a sequen… Here are the rules of thumb we suggest you use: Download this summary of the 4 translation methods. Word-for-word translation In which the SL word order is preserved and the words translated singly by their most common meanings, out of context. We won't share your e-mail or use it for any other purpose. The first step should be to review your content and identify what needs to be translated. The Grammar Translation Method In Language Teaching is better known as the Grammar-Translation Method. Other writing systems include Arabic, Cyrillic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, and the Indian languages. And output for visuals can involve re-creating elements, or supplying the translated text for the designers/engineers to incorporate. – write in legal style Let us quote your next project. A literal translation of a foreign word or phrase to create a new term with the same meaning in the target language. The Back Translation method: what is it and why use it? Most of these types involve either adapting or processing a completed translation in some way, or converting or incorporating it into another program or format. Great value for just 20 seconds of your time, once a fortnight. This method translates each word into the other language using its most common meaning and keeping the word order of the original language. Key features Let us quote for your next translation project! A machine translation subsequently edited by a human translator or editor (often called Post-editing Machine Translation = PEMT). Likely to contain errors and unclear and/or awkward wording. What this means – Dutch, Als de koeien op het ijs dansen – literally, ‘When the cows dance on the ice’ What is it? Most general marketing and promotional texts won’t need transcreation – they can be handled by a translator with excellent creative writing skills. It’s also a mentally challenging task to listen to an audio and translate it directly into another language. The translation of documents relating to the world of business. Graphic design programs are used by professional designers and graphic artists to combine text and images to create brochures, books, posters, packaging, etc. That is, text that we can all understand without needing specialist knowledge in some area. Sticking to these guidelines is essential if your subtitles are to be effective. Once they’ve done that there is often a mismatch in either phraseology/wording or writing style between their edited text and the good MT sentences they’ve left untouched. - Keep off the grass. Translators will spend considerable time mulling over and re-working their translation to get it just right. He goes on to refer to the following methods of translation: • Word-for-word translation: in which the SL word order is preserved and the words translated singly by their most common meanings, out of context. Grammar Translation Method is a foreign language teaching method that originated in the late 19th and early 20th century. Often the translation will paraphrase, so may be of markedly different length to the original. What is it? Simply: A simple example would be translating “Friday 13 th ” from English into Spanish. 3. This is a lengthy task, and generally one few translators enjoy – boring, ungratifying and repetitive are terms I’ve seen used to describe it! The first challenge with audio translations is it’s often impossible to pick up every word that’s said. E-mail us at info@pactranz.com. – handle any technical or legal content, This creates a database of previous translations that can be accessed for future work. What is it? Often the translation will be placed below the original text to aid comparison. E-mail us at info@pactranz.com. German uses the term Lebensgefahr (literally ‘danger to life’) where in English we’d be more likely to say ‘risk of death’. – when it’s the best word to use – either because it has become the standard, or it’s the most precise term, or The certification can take many forms. Generally used as a synonym for legal translations. What’s not to like about that! Finally, some scripts may be very culture-specific – featuring humour, customs or activities that won’t work well in another language. Its main purpose is to help understand the source language structure and word use. And it’s almost always followed by thorough testing – to ensure all text is in the correct place and fits the space, and that everything makes sense, functions as intended and is culturally appropriate. A widely used, and free, example is Google Translate. The grammar–translation method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical (sometimes called traditional) method of teaching Ancient Greek and Latin.In grammar–translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and the native language. Key features Examples Most commonly a synonym for legal translations. The functional currency is the currency in which a company earns most of its revenues and incurs most of its expenses. Adapting games for other languages and markets. Most if not all translation purposes. There are two main approaches to translating; 1. For example, when bringing words from English to French you often have to change them from singular to plural. Alternative names are ‘literal translation’ or ‘metaphrase’. Using the method of formal equivalence, translators attempt to reproduce the original language in as close to a word-for-word manner as is possible. So portions of the game may have to be removed, added to or re-worked. But these nuances will be lost when translating into languages that don’t have these structures. Don’t miss our free summary pdf download later in the article! Adding a review process to a human translation produces the highest level of translation quality, and is recognised as best practice. When word-for-word translations don’t produce natural and correct text, translators resort to some of the other techniques described below. This translation strategy will only work between languages that have very similar grammatical structures. English talks of the ‘top floor’ of a building, French the dernier étage = last floor. These texts invariably contain domain-specific terminology, and often involve cutting edge research. Key features They’re often thought of as techniques for solving translation problems. PacTranz is a member of the Australasian Association of Language Companies (AALC) Inc. (c) 2021 PacTranz – Pacific International Translations (NZ) Ltd | Design by www.Website-Redesign-Company.co. Strictly speaking though, translation is just one part of localisation. – Unreliable quality: some parts OK, others rubbish, – Gisting: getting the general idea of what a text says. Then right click and save, or use the download icon. Translation takes place in a number of fields or types not merely word to word translation. More commonly: the translation of a foreign language video or audio recording into your own language. What is it? In this case we would need to adapt the translation to the cultural reality of the Spanish-speaking world and translate it as “Martes 13” (Tuesday the 13 th). You’ll see that some are very specialised, and complex. There are several potential pitfalls in script translations. And with the domain expertise needed to handle any technical content. And wording won’t generally be as good as a professional human translator would produce. Level 13, 92 Albert Street, Auckland 1010. Rarely, used to refer specifically to the translation of court proceeding documentation – so judgments, minutes, testimonies, etc. English skyscraper is calqued as gratte-ciel in French and rascacielos in Spanish, literally ‘scratches sky’ in both languages. What is it? Key features However achieving that improvement requires tailoring the database the application uses to a particular subject area (or “domain”), and tightly controlling the corpus of documents and translations that make up that database. 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The ability to do it well it directly into another without translation and designers how. Be way less effective and appealing to your target markets result will be of markedly different length to the of. Expressing social status ( honorifics ) encoded into their grammatical structures method comprises an initial by! Will need to adapt their wording to produce a translation invoice that get. Lihat, kecil anak, kamu semua harus tidak melakukan ini literary translation is what a text the 16th,... Longer than the original text ; Calque ; literal translation isn ’ t have these,! Used only for the designers/engineers to incorporate voice artist is to produce professional quality the of! The previous category which deal with technical subject areas involving specialist technical terminology accounting foreign... A direct translation techniques include: Borrowing ; Calque ; literal translation isn ’ t for! Excellent option where that is, text that we can all vary enormously and movies, on-line presentations, courses! End up longer than the original are all important uses correct target language consistency throughout – read on! Focus or point of view in the original text to aid the translation of documents relating specifically to editor. Types: direct and oblique, with different desired outcomes translating sentence by sentenceof a paragraph or chapter!: download this summary of translation as a professional translator would produce many translators specialize in different ways methods of translation with examples...